Home The Map as History > The Cold War and Confrontation between East and West 1947-1991
In April 1534, Jacques Cartier left Saint Malo and sailed westwards. King François I of France had given him a commission to find a northern maritime route providing access to China and to discover islands and countries ‘rich in gold’.
In the early 17th century, France founded its first settlements in the St Lawrence Valley and Arcadia. 150 years later, Nouvelle France covered a substantial area between the estuary of the St Lawrence and Mississippi estuaries and Lake Winnipeg
European exploration of the Mississippi River began with the travels of Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet in 1673.
In 1682 René-Robert Cavelier de la Salle reached the river’s delta and took possession of the regions he had crossed in the name of the French King: Illinois and Louisiana.
European settlements in Nouvelle-France: Limits on the regions around the St Lawrence Valley, Ile Royale and New Orleans.
Areas on the outer edges of these settlements saw an increase in their population due to the growing presence of trappers and a lucrative trade in furs.
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